Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Conclusions (3 of 3)
Which interventions are best for which children and which behavior training programs are most suitable for parents is unknown.
Limited evidence suggests that some subgroups of children may benefit from combined medication and behavioral interventions more than from medication alone. It is unclear how long treatment may be required, of what type, and for which subgroups.
More adverse effects were reported in preschoolers than in primary school children. Moodiness and irritability often lead to discontinuation of treatment with MPH. Although children taking ADHD medications appear to have diminished growth rates, some studies found diminished growth is not permanent and the children eventually catch up on their growth.
- Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 44 (Prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. MME 2202 290-02-0020). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC003-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/adhdtreatment.cfm.
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