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Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Slide: 23 of 31

Variability in Prevalence, Clinical Identification, and Treatment of ADHD in Children (3 of 5)

The information in this slide lists conclusions on the variability in prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD in children associated with potential moderating factors. For these conclusions, the literature was searched using the methodology of a systematic review; however, the selection of papers for inclusion was not subject to the same constraints as the rest of the report. Other relevant papers were added via peer review feedback. These findings were included to provide context, and any studies considered pertinent to the topic of variability in ADHD prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment were included.

Time Period

  • Since being identified as a clinical entity in 1902, the prevalence of identified ADHD cases has increased.
  • This is partially due to increased knowledge about ADHD. It is also partially due to changes in the definition of who can identify a child as having ADHD (parents and teachers are becoming informants), changes in screening tests, and changes in diagnostic categories and classification systems over time.
  • The medical use of MPH or drug treatment of ADHD has increased steadily since the early 1980s.
  • As an indicator of trends in treatment, the International Narcotics Control Board reported that medical use of MPH in the United States increased 77 percent from 2004 to 2008.