Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Long-term (>1 Year) Effectiveness of ADHD Interventions in People 6 Years of Age or Older: Combined Treatments
Two large RCTs and one smaller study found that both psychostimulant medication alone and combined medication and behavioral treatment are effective in treating ADHD plus oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in children. One of the large RCTs clearly demonstrated that MPH improved ADHD and ODD symptoms and overall functioning alone or in combination with psychosocial/behavioral interventions for 12 months up to 24 months.
Strength of evidence: Low
- Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 44 (Prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. MME 2202 290-02-0020). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC003-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/adhdtreatment.cfm.
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