Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update
Benefits: Exercise and Dietary Supplementation (2 of 2)
Studies show no difference between calcium alone and placebo in reducing the risk for vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. The strength of evidence for this finding is moderate. However, calcium significantly reduced hip fracture risk in one pooled analysis and overall fracture risk in another pooled analysis.
There is no difference between calcium alone and vitamin D alone in reducing vertebral, nonvertebral, or hip fracture risk. The strength of evidence for this finding is high.
Keywords: bone | low bone density | bone density | osteoporosis | fracture | osteopenia | skeletal | calcium | vertebral | nonvertebral | vitamin D | hip | risk
- Newberry SJ, Crandall CC, Gellad WG, et al. Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update to the 2007 Report. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 53 (Prepared by the Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. HHSA 290-2007-10062-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; February 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-EHC023-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/lbd.cfm.
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