Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update
Benefits: Exercise and Dietary Supplementation (1 of 2)
The evidence is insufficient to estimate benefits from exercise or to identify the duration, intensity, or type of exercise program that will decrease fracture risk.
Vitamin D (>800 units taken orally), taken in combination with calcium, may reduce fracture risk in people who are institutionalized. The strength of evidence for this finding is moderate. However, evidence is lacking for clear benefit of vitamin D when taken alone for the general population.
Keywords: bone | low bone density | bone density | osteoporosis | fracture | osteopenia | skeletal | exercise | vitamin D | calcium | risk
- Newberry SJ, Crandall CC, Gellad WG, et al. Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update to the 2007 Report. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 53 (Prepared by the Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. HHSA 290-2007-10062-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; February 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-EHC023-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/lbd.cfm.
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