Non-surgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness
Stress incontinence results from sphincter failure during increases in intra-abdominal pressure, for example, when sneezing, coughing, or laughing or with physical exertion. Stress incontinence is the most prevalent type, found in 31 percent of women at 19–44 years of age and in 33 percent of women at 45–64 years of age.
- Haylen BT, de Ridder D, Freeman RM, et al. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn 2010;29(1):4-20. PMID: 19941278.
- Shamliyan T, Wyman J, Sainfort F, et al. Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 36 (Prepared by the Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10064-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC074-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ui.cfm.
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