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Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

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Background: Adverse Clinical Outcomes Associated With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Due to its associated morbidity and mortality rates, attendant comorbidities, and adverse effects on quality of life, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important public health issue of considerable clinical concern due. The wake-time effects of OSA are serious enough to affect concentration at work and while driving. Indeed, individuals who experience OSA are more likely to be involved in motor vehicle and other types of accidents. OSA has been associated with a variety of adverse clinical outcomes, such as cardiovascular disease (cardiac disease, stroke, and hypertension); noninsulin dependent diabetes and other metabolic abnormalities; and surgical complications. Studies show that before diagnosis, patients with OSA have increased rates of health care use, more frequent and longer hospital stays, and greater health care costs than after diagnosis.