Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Background: Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (2 of 2)
Surgical options may be used alone or in combination, depending on the patient’s anatomy and tolerance for surgery and the surgeon’s discretion. Because obesity is an underlying cause of obstructive sleep apnea for many patients, weight loss can be an effective definitive treatment. Other treatment options available are positional therapy and alarms, oropharyngeal exercises, nasal dilator strips, atrial overdrive pacing, acupuncture and auricular plaster therapy, and drug therapies (ventilatory stimulants or REM sleep suppressants).
- Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 32 (Prepared by Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10055-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11-EHC052-EF.
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