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Comparative Effectiveness of Therapies for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

Slide: 10 of 36

Behavioral Interventions Addressed in This Report (2 of 2)

This slide reviews behavioral interventions aimed at symptoms commonly associated with ASD that were considered in the systematic review. Challenging behaviors, such as noncompliance, tantrums, self-injury, and aggression, are also common among children with ASDs. Several behavioral interventions target symptoms like anger and anxiety, which are often present with ASDs. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been adapted for and applied to children with ASDs, particularly children with higher IQs. This approach focuses on teaching cognitive skills and relaxation strategies, helping children recognize anxious feelings, and providing them with behavioral exposures in which to practice coping skills in the face of anxiety-provoking situations. It aims to reduce generalized and specific anxiety symptoms over time. Parent training protocols are used to teach behavior prevention, intervention, and management strategies, enabling parents to act as “cotherapists.” Parent training interventions may also improve parental feelings of self-efficacy and decrease parental stress. Additional interventions include techniques such as sleep workshops and neurofeedback.