Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Background: Behavior Training Interventions
Behavior training for parents is often suggested as an intervention for parents of children with ADHD. These programs are designed to help parents strengthen their bond with their child and manage their child’s problematic behavior with more effective discipline strategies using rewards and nonpunitive consequences. An important aspect of each program is to promote a positive and caring relationship between parents and their child. Each program also includes educational components regarding childhood behavior problems and common developmental issues. Programs may include coaching or consultation to support parents’ efforts.
There are four widely disseminated standardized programs of behavior training interventions for parents developed by separate research groups in the past 25 years, although many others exist: Positive Parenting Program (Triple P), the Incredible Years Parenting Program (IYPP), Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), and the New Forest Parenting Program (NFPP). While each of these programs has its own specific features, they all share common therapeutic components and are documented in manuals to ensure intervention integrity when disseminated.
- Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 44 (Prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. MME 2202 290-02-0020). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC003-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/adhdtreatment.cfm.
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