Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Background: ADHD Interventions
Interventions for ADHD include a range of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic options. Psychostimulants and nonstimulant medications are often prescribed. Children with ADHD and their families may also receive nonspecific psychosocial support, counseling, and advice through standardized programs for parents and children. Children with ADHD may receive academic tutoring and coaching, both within and outside of school settings. Complementary and alternative medicine options, including dietary supplements, are also available but are not covered in this review. Few ADHD interventions have been systematically evaluated, and fewer still have been examined for their long-term effectiveness.
- Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 44 (Prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. MME 2202 290-02-0020). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC003-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/adhdtreatment.cfm.
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