Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Gaps in Knowledge (2 of 2)
Little specific information is available regarding outcomes for children with comorbid learning disabilities, language impairments, reading, mathematics disorders, or other comorbidities.
Investigations of parental preferences regarding behavior training are needed to determine if parental completion rates for training can be improved.
Very few studies examined psychostimulant use for preschoolers. More research on the effectiveness and adverse effects of medication is needed in the younger age groups who are now receiving treatment in increasing numbers.
Very few randomized clinical trials offer information about parental training interventions designed specifically for preschoolers with ADHD. Some studies adjusted the parental behavior training to address ADHD specifically, but other interventions also showed improvement in measured ADHD symptoms without adjustment. Evaluation is required regarding the need for specific adjustments to assist children with ADHD.
- Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; andVariability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 44 (Prepared by McMaster University Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. MME 2202 290-02-0020). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC003-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/adhdtreatment.cfm.
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