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Treatment Options for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Slide: 16 of 31

Long-term (>1 Year) Effectiveness of ADHD Interventions in People 6 Years of Age or Older: Nonpharmacologic

The literature describing behavioral or psychosocial treatments commonly focuses on these interventions for outcomes of disruptive behavior, not ADHD symptoms, even though these are commonly comorbid conditions. Therefore, few long-term extension studies lasting 12 or more months are available, and evidence is insufficient to know if behavioral or psychosocial treatment alone is an effective long-term treatment option for children with ADHD.

Strength of evidence: Insufficient

There are few comparative school-based intervention studies lasting 12 months or longer, and information from those that are available is mixed. Thus there is not enough evidence to know if school-based interventions are an effective long-term treatment option for children with ADHD. However, one good-quality study and its extension showed that school-based programs to enhance academic skills are effective in improving achievement scores in multiple domains. There is also insufficient evidence to draw conclusions about the long-term effectiveness of parental behavior training interventions for children 6 years of age or older with ADHD.

Strength of evidence: Insufficient