Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis (1 of 2)
Risk factors for osteoporosis include, but are not limited to, increasing age, female sex, being a postmenopausal woman, having hypogonadism or premature ovarian failure, ethnic background, low body weight, previous fracture due to minimal trauma, parental history of hip fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, low BMD, current smoking, alcohol intake of three or more drinks per day, vitamin D deficiency, low calcium intake, hyperkyphosis, falling, and immobilization.
Keywords: bone | low bone density | bone density | osteoporosis | fracture | postmenopausal | BMD | hypogonadism | premature ovarian failure | low body weight | vitamin D | calcium | hyperkyphosis
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. Clinician’s Guide To Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. Washington, DC: National Osteoporosis Foundation; 2010. Available at www.nof.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/NOF_ClinicianGuide2009_v7.pdf.
- Newberry SJ, Crandall CC, Gellad WG, et al. Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update to the 2007 Report. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 53 (Prepared by the Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. HHSA 290-2007-10062-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; February 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-EHC023-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/lbd.cfm.
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