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Treatment To Prevent Fractures in Men and Women With Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis: An Update

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Benefits: Exercise and Dietary Supplementation (2 of 2)

Studies show no difference between calcium alone and placebo in reducing the risk for vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. The strength of evidence for this finding is moderate. However, calcium significantly reduced hip fracture risk in one pooled analysis and overall fracture risk in another pooled analysis.

There is no difference between calcium alone and vitamin D alone in reducing vertebral, nonvertebral, or hip fracture risk. The strength of evidence for this finding is high.