Non-surgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness
Results of the Systematic Review: Evaluation of Diagnostic Methods (1 of 4)
Ninety-nine studies provided diagnostic values of different methods of UI diagnosis. 81,043 women were included in these studies.
The methodology of urodynamic testing was very similar across studies. Diagnostic methods included history, physical examination, pelvic examination, urine culture, cotton swab test, diaries, cytometry, cough stress test, 48-hour home pad test, evaluation of sacral nerves 2 to 4, and postvoid residual volume.
Keywords: cotton swab test | cough stress test | cytometry | diagnosis | mixed incontinence | pad test | pelvic examination | postvoid residual volume | sacral nerve 2 | sacral nerve 4 | stress incontinence | urge incontinence | urgency incontinence | urine culture | urodynamics | urinary incontinence
- Shamliyan T, Wyman J, Sainfort F, et al. Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 36 (Prepared by the Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10064-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC074-EF. Available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ui.cfm.
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