Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring
Background: Importance of Blood Pressure Control in the Management of Hypertension
Health professional and government organizations have developed recommended for BP management that include lifestyle and behavior modifications (such as smoking cessation, moderation of alcohol consumption, salt restriction and other dietary changes, regular exercise, and weight loss in obese patients), usually in combination with pharmacological treatment for hypertension.
Effective control of blood pressure has been shown to significantly improve health outcomes and reduce mortality. Control of blood pressure has been shown to decrease the incidence of stroke by 35 to 40 percent, myocardial infarction by 20 to 25 percent, and heart failure by more than 50 percent. A decrease of 5 mmHg in systolic BP is estimated to result in a 14 percent reduction in mortality due to stroke, a 9 percent reduction in mortality due to heart disease, and a 7 percent reduction in all-cause mortality.
- Uhlig K, Balk EM, Patel K, et al. Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 45 (Prepared by Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. HHSA 290-2007-10055-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2012. AHRQ Publication No.12-EHC002-EF. Available at: http://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/selfmeasuredbp.cfm.
- Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. Seventh report of the Joint Nation Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension 2003 Dec;42(6):1206-52. PMID: 14656957.
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