Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Conclusions (1 of 2)
A high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is associated with all-cause mortality and diabetes, providing evidence for the importance of identifying such individuals. Portable monitors can predict a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but additional studies are needed to prove their value compared with polysomnography. Some questionnaires may be useful screening tools. Continuous positive airway pressure remains the most effective treatment for OSA, but mandibular advancement devices also improve sleepiness and reduce AHI. In patients who are obese, weight-loss programs show promise as an effective treatment.
Keywords: conclusions | take-home messages | main points | apnea-hypopnea index | AHI | monitor | continuous positive airway pressure | CPAP | mandibular advancement device | MAD | weight-loss program | diagnosis | screening | treatment
- Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 32 (Prepared by Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10055-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11-EHC052-EF.
Your slide tray is being processed.