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Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

Slide: 29 of 32

Conclusions (1 of 2)

A high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is associated with all-cause mortality and diabetes, providing evidence for the importance of identifying such individuals. Portable monitors can predict a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but additional studies are needed to prove their value compared with polysomnography. Some questionnaires may be useful screening tools. Continuous positive airway pressure remains the most effective treatment for OSA, but mandibular advancement devices also improve sleepiness and reduce AHI. In patients who are obese, weight-loss programs show promise as an effective treatment.