Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Adverse Events: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Treatment with continuous positive airway may result in one or more of the following adverse events: claustrophobia, nasal and oral dryness (including nosebleeds), pressure discomfort, gum or lip soreness or pain, excessive salivation, skin irritation, nasal irritation and obstruction, aerophagia, abdominal distension, and chest wall discomfort. The adverse events listed here are evaluated based on cohorts of patients who received specific treatments within each randomized controlled trial, rather than by intertrial comparisons. Furthermore, many studies included short-term outcomes and provided little evidence regarding long-term adverse events.
Keywords: adverse events | complications | harms | continuous positive airway pressure | CPAP | treatment
- Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 32 (Prepared by Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10055-I). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11-EHC052-EF.
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