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Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

Slide: 26 of 32

Adverse Events: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

Treatment with continuous positive airway may result in one or more of the following adverse events: claustrophobia, nasal and oral dryness (including nosebleeds), pressure discomfort, gum or lip soreness or pain, excessive salivation, skin irritation, nasal irritation and obstruction, aerophagia, abdominal distension, and chest wall discomfort. The adverse events listed here are evaluated based on cohorts of patients who received specific treatments within each randomized controlled trial, rather than by intertrial comparisons. Furthermore, many studies included short-term outcomes and provided little evidence regarding long-term adverse events.