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Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

This slide set is based on a comparative effectiveness review (CER) titled Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults, which was developed by Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under Contract No. 290-2007-10055-I and is available online at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/apena.cfm.

CERs are comprehensive systematic reviews of the literature that usually compare two or more types of treatment with usual care for the same disease. For this CER, the existing body of evidence on the relative benefits and possible harms of different interventions used to diagnose and treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were reviewed. The literature included in this review was identified in searches for trials and studies that included terms for OSA, sleep apnea diagnostic tests, sleep apnea treatments, and relevant research designs. Only studies on adults (≥16 years of age) were included. Searches were conducted for studies published through September 2010. It should be noted that this report does not discuss other types of sleep apneas, such as central or mixed sleep apnea.