Skip Navigation
Department of Health and Human Services www.hhs.gov
 
Slide Tray
0 slides

Return to Slide Library

Slides

Add Presentation to Slide Tray Presentation:

Management of an Adult With Type 2 Diabetes With Antidiabetic Medications: A Case Scenario

Slide: 1 of 26

Management of an Adult With Type 2 Diabetes With Antidiabetic Medications: A Case Scenario

Introduction

The management of hyperglycemia is an important focus of treatment to achieve improved macrovascular and microvascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling blood-glucose levels often requires several strategies, including weight loss if needed, dietary control, increased physical activity, and antidiabetic medications. Treatment regimens include single drugs and combinations of drugs from different classes. Choosing among the available medications requires consideration of benefits, adverse effects, mechanism of action, and cost. In 2007, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality published its first systematic review on the comparative effectiveness of oral medications for type 2 diabetes. The 2011 update includes newer medications and two-drug combinations. The updated review is a systematic review of 166 clinical studies published between January 1966 and April 2010 that examined the comparative effectiveness, benefits, and adverse effects of available monotherapy and two-drug combinations of medications for adults with type 2 diabetes. The review did not cover treatment of type 1 diabetes or gestational diabetes nor does it review evidence regarding the effectiveness of diet, exercise, and weight loss.

This case study will seek to evaluate monotherapy and two-drug combination therapies for the management of an adult with type 2 diabetes.