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Comparing Medications for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

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Background: Public Health Impact

In the United States, the prevalence of diabetes increased from 5.1 percent during 1988–1994 to 6.5 percent during 1999–2002. Like many chronic illnesses, diabetes disproportionately affects older people. It is associated with obesity, and its prevalence is higher among racial and ethnic minority populations. The annual economic burden of diabetes is estimated to be $174 billion and is increasing, mostly because of the costly complications of the disease.