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Pain Management Interventions for Hip Fracture

Slide: 32 of 46

Effectiveness of Anesthesia on Other Important Outcomes

The 30-day mortality rate (3 studies) and mental status (2 studies) were reported for comparisons of continuous and single-dose modes of administering spinal anesthesia. The analysis indicates that there is no difference in effect between these two modes of spinal anesthesia. However, the strength of the evidence that supports that conclusion is low.

For all other comparisons of doses, modes of administration, and the addition of opioids to the injection, the evidence is insufficient to determine an estimate of the effect.