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Glossary of Terms

We know that many of the concepts used on this site can be difficult to understand. For that reason, we have provided you with a glossary to help you make sense of the terms used in Comparative Effectiveness Research. Every word that is defined in this glossary should appear highlighted throughout the Web site. When you come upon a highlighted term and would like to read the full definition, you can either click on the word to visit the glossary or roll your mouse over the word for a pop-up definition.

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Probability

Definition: The likelihood (or chance) that an event will occur. In a clinical research study, it is the number of times a condition or event occurs in a study group divided by the number of people being studied.

Example: For example, a group of adult men who had chest pain when they walked had diagnostic tests to find the cause of the pain. Eighty-five percent were found to have a type of heart disease known as coronary artery disease. The probability of coronary artery disease in men who have chest pain with walking is 85 percent.

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