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Glossary of Terms

We know that many of the concepts used on this site can be difficult to understand. For that reason, we have provided you with a glossary to help you make sense of the terms used in Comparative Effectiveness Research. Every word that is defined in this glossary should appear highlighted throughout the Web site. When you come upon a highlighted term and would like to read the full definition, you can either click on the word to visit the glossary or roll your mouse over the word for a pop-up definition.

 

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Meta-Analysis

Definition: A way of combining data from many different research studies. A meta-analysis is a statistical process that combines the findings from individual studies.

Example: For example, researchers wanted to know about the risk of stomach bleeding in people taking aspirin. They did a meta-analysis of data from 24 clinical trials with nearly 66,000 participants and found that the risk of stomach bleeding was 2.47 percent with aspirin compared to 1.42 percent with placebo (inactive substance).

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