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Glossary of Terms

We know that many of the concepts used on this site can be difficult to understand. For that reason, we have provided you with a glossary to help you make sense of the terms used in Comparative Effectiveness Research. Every word that is defined in this glossary should appear highlighted throughout the Web site. When you come upon a highlighted term and would like to read the full definition, you can either click on the word to visit the glossary or roll your mouse over the word for a pop-up definition.

 

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Human Subject

Definition: A person who participates in a research study or clinical trial. The person agrees to take part in the study and has been told about the possible dangers and benefits of participation. The participation can include different activities, depending on the goals of the study.

Example: For example, if a clinical trial is trying to determine the efficacy of different treatments for people with high blood pressure, the participants enrolled in the trial (human subjects) might be given medication, undergo blood tests or other medical procedures, or be given no treatment at all.

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